Antibiotic Resistance Awareness Week 2017
The Ministry of National Guard - Health Affairs, Western Region represented by the Department of Infection Prevention and Control launched the “Antibiotic Resistance Awareness Week 2017” from Sunday, November 12th, until Thursday, the16th, 2017, " In collaboration with the Deanship of Academic Affairs and Medical Education at King Abdulaziz Medical City -Jeddah. The activities included: "the Second Symposium on Antibiotics Use Management", scheduled to be held on Wednesday, the 15th of November 2017, in addition to the medical exhibition that was launched in Outpatient Clinic Center, with the participation of many relevant sections, and inaugurated by the Deputy Executive Director Of Clinical Services, Dr. Tawfeik Yafi.
The Awareness Week aims to raise awareness among health practitioners about the optimal use of antibiotics, highlight antibiotics management programs, and raise awareness on antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Additionally, several vital topics will be covered such as: (antibiotic resistance trends - prevention and detection of surgical infections - antibiotics misuse, the side effects associated with inappropriate use of antibiotics, successful interventions in the rational use of antibiotics).
The head of the Organizing Committee, Clinical Pharmacist, Infectious Diseases, Dr. Noor Shamas delivered, said antibiotics are drugs used to treat diseases caused by bacterial infections only, and antibiotics are the most misused drugs. Also, she mentioned that there is a program that most hospitals are seeking to launch and implement in order to regulate the use of antimicrobials, in addition to regulating antibiotics prescription in order to improve their benefits and ensure proper use in order to reduce the bacterial resistance. In addition, one of the most important objectives of this program is to ensure prescribing the correct antibiotic with the right dose and the course of treatment. The benefits of this program are not limited to improving bacterial infections treatment, but also limiting the spread of resistant bacterial infections and antibiotic-resistant bacteria.
Moreover, she pointed out that in order to limit antibiotic resistance, the bellow should be applied:
Using antibiotics only by a doctor’s prescription.
Complying with the doctor’s and pharmacist’s instructions about how to use the antibiotic, such as the number of doses and for how long.
Not to stop taking the antibiotic before the end of the course treatment, even if the patient feels better.
Not to give the remaining antibiotics to another person even if he/she shows the same symptoms.
After that, Co-executive Director of Infectious Diseases, Dr. Asim Al Sa’aedi clarified that misusing antibiotics is called resistance, as bacteria is considered a creature which is capable of resisting the effect of their antibiotics, by changing some of their characteristics subsequently the antibiotic will be unable to treat this bacterial diseases because of its mutation to a resistant bacteria. He also pointed out that the bacterial resistance is considered one of the biggest health problems worldwide, which requires the intervention of the concerned authorities and cooperation among community members to reduce inappropriate use of antibiotics, thus limiting the spread of resistance.
Moreover, Dr. Al Sa’aedi said that the resistance is a natural biological phenomenon but how fast antimicrobial resistance occurs is due to the excessive or misuse of drugs. One of the main reasons that significantly contributes to increasing bacterial resistance rate is the misuse of antibiotics, here are some examples of antibiotics misuses:
Using antibiotics for non-bacterial infections such as colds and flu, which are caused by a viral infection that does not require an antibiotic. In such cases or others, the doctor alone who decides whether the patient needs an antibiotic or not.
Excessive use of antibiotics: the overuse of antibiotics by getting them without medical prescription significantly contributes to increasing the resistance rate.
Using the antibiotics inappropriately in livestock.
Then Dr. Al Zmeti pointed out that the MNG-HA seeks through its academic, treatment, preventive, and research programs to achieve a unique integration which improves the service provided to patients to the highest level of specialized and professional standards as well as adhering to the international standards of medical care which enabled the MNG-HA to be one of the pioneering health, academic and research institutions.
In addition, H.E. added that awareness is a local and global strategy given a special attention by MNG-HA. Last but not least, he stressed that we should all take care of this awareness week which was organized by the Department of Infection Prevention and Control in order to preserve the public health and avoid antibiotics misuse.
It is worth to mention that the organizing committee held an awareness exhibition in collaboration with some internal departments and external parties to raise the patients and their families’ awareness levels in regards to this universal problem, as well as presenting a set of posters for researchers and health practitioners in the field of scientific research to regulate the use of antibiotics.